Systemic hypertension is elevated blood pressure. As in humans, hypertension is typically not obvious until problematic conditions occur.
What is hypertension?
The common ocular lesions associated with systemic hypertension include retinal detachment, retinal hemorrhage, retinal edema, and bleeding within the eye (hyphema).
What are the signs of hypertension?
Clinical signs that could indicate systemic hypertension include bleeding within the eye (hyphema), pupil dilation, and blindness.
What are the causes of hypertension?
Common causes of hypertension include kidney disease, hormonal abnormalities, neoplasia, and primary.
What are the treatments for hypertension?
Treatments for hypertension include symptomatic therapy, medications to lower blood pressure, and treating the cause of hypertension. Symptomatic therapies are oral medications that lower blood pressure through a variety of pathways. If treated early, the retinal detachment secondary to hypertension can be reversed and vision restored in most cases.